10 Reasons for Lower Abdominal Pain in Women

Most lower abdominal pain is not serious and can be treated. However, lower abdominal pain can also be signs of serious sickness. Mild lower abdominal pain may go away without treatment. Nevertheless, in some cases, abdominal pain may warrant you see your doctor. 

Here are some reasons why you might experience pain in your lower abdomen.

1. Ovulation pain 

Ovulation pain is also known as mittelschmerz. Can ovulation cause pain in the lower abdomen? It causes some women to experience one-sided sharp or dull cramp pain in the lower abdomen. Such pain happens because an ovary releases an egg as a part of the menstrual cycle. There is nothing dangerous about this ovulation pain, it is often normal and can last a few minutes or a day or 2, although some women have very severe pain.

2. Kidney stones  

Some substances in the urine, such as oxalate, cystine calcium, or uric acid, accumulate and form crystals, which are known as kidney stones. It can cause severe sharp pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin, pain or burning sensation when urinating if the kidney stones become large and stuck in the urinary tract.

3. Ectopic pregnancy

What is ectopic pregnancy pain like? One of the first manifestations of an ectopic pregnancy is a sharp pain that usually appears in the lower abdomen; it usually begins as a dull pain that progresses to cramps and spasms. If a woman is in the early stages of pregnancy and suddenly experiences a sharp pain in the lower abdomen and perhaps worsens with movement, it is imperative to see a doctor for a check-up.

4. Appendicitis

Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. Usually, the primary symptom is a dull or sharp pain in your lower left or in the center of the abdomen or pain near your navel that radiates lower. Nausea and vomiting shortly after abdominal pain occur.

5. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

One of the primary symptoms of Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is lower dull pain or tenderness in the lower abdominal area. PID is an infection of the woman’s reproductive organs, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and vagina. 

What causes pelvic inflammation? Most cases are sexually transmitted infections, gonorrhea, or chlamydia. With these infections, the pain may worsen during sex and other symptoms such as abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge and fever.

6. Ruptured Ovarian Cyst

Can a ruptured ovarian cyst cause abdominal pain? Not every woman feels a ruptured ovarian cyst, as there may be no symptoms. However, a sudden or intense abdominal pain below the belly button, which occurs after coitus or vigorous exercise, is potentially a symptom of a cyst or ovarian cysts rupture.  

8. Ovarian torsion. 

Does ovarian torsion pain come and go? It occurs if an ovary becomes twisted around the ligamentous that supports it. Unusually, the fallopian tube can also become twisted. As a result, severe, sudden pain in the lower abdomen develops, which can be acute, dull, or irregular. Sometimes the pain spreads to the lower back or groin. Some women have a low-grade fever, nausea, and vomiting. The pain may subside for a while and then return.

What happens if the ovarian torsion is not treated? If left untreated, it affects the blood supply to the ovary and the fallopian tube, resulting in the loss of an ovary. Diagnosing ovarian torsion is very important because it requires immediate medical attention and surgery to save the ovary.

9. Urinary tract infection. 

In addition to pain in the bladder, urinary tract infection is often accompanied by ache or pain in your lower abdomen, burning pain when urinating, blood in the urine. You should see your doctor if you get recurrent Urinary tract infection. 

10. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome can induce pain in the lower abdomen, which may be worsened shortly after eating, and relieved or worsened after a bowel movement. Stress, poor diet, inadequate sleep, or gut bacteria changes may trigger irritable bowel syndrome symptoms.

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